Hydroxocobalamin

Hydroxocobalamin, also known as vitamin B12, is a vitamin found in food and is also used as a dietary supplement. Vitamin B12 helps the body use fats and carbohydrates for energy and make new protein.

 

Dosage Strength

  • This medication is typically given as an injection into the muscle or intravenously. Dosage depends on the person and their health condition. Make sure to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions when taking this product.

 

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General Information

Hydroxocobalamin, also known as vitamin B12, is a vitamin found in food and is also used as a dietary supplement. Vitamin B12 helps the body use fats and carbohydrates for energy and make new protein. Many people take hydroxocobalamin to help with their energy levels or for other various health conditions. Some of these conditions include pernicious anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, cognitive impairment, Leber’s optic atrophy, toxic amblyopia, or for cyanide poisoning. Most people get enough vitamin B12 through diet, but some require supplementation.

 

Indications

Hydroxocobalamin is indicated in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency, cyanide poisoning, pernicious anemia, Leber’s optic atrophy, chronic fatigue, toxic amblyopia, or cognitive impairment. 

 

Side Effects

  • – Pain at injection site
  • – Mild diarrhea
  • – Itching
  • – Feeling of body swelling
  • – Low blood potassium
  • – High blood pressure

 

Dosage

This medication is typically given as an injection into the muscle or intravenously. Dosage depends on the person and their health condition. Make sure to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions when taking this product. 

 

Contraindications

Hydroxocobalamin is contraindicated in people with low blood potassium, allergy to vitamin B12, or with an allergy to cobalt. Before using this medication, speak with your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, especially of low potassium, gout, blood disorders (polycythemia vera), eye disorders (Leber’s disease), or other vitamin or mineral deficiencies.  

If pregnant or breastfeeding, be sure to discuss the benefits and risks with your doctor. 

 

Interactions

Some products may interact with hydroxocobalamin. These include drugs affecting blood cell production (chloramphenicol, anticancer or HIV drugs) and other vitamin and mineral supplements (especially folic acid). 

Certain drugs may also interfere with lab tests for vitamin B12 levels. This may cause false test results. If you are taking any anti-infective drugs, such as amoxicillin or erythromycin, make sure to let laboratory personnel know prior to testing.