L-Glutathione, or simply glutathione, is a powerful antioxidant made of amino acids. Combined together, amino acids make up the proteins within the body. Unlike most antioxidants, glutathione can be made within the liver. This helps in the process of fat metabolism. Glutathione has many functions within the body. Some of these include supporting immune function, forming sperm cells, fighting free radicals, helping with certain enzyme functions, and making DNA. Glutathione is not only created naturally by the liver, but it is also found in fruits, vegetables, and meats. Glutathione can be given orally, intravenously (IV), intramuscularly, and as an inhalant. Supplementally, glutathione can be taken in the treatment and prevention of cataracts, glaucoma, aging, alcoholism, cancer, heart disease, liver disease, lung disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, diseases that breakdown the body’s immune system, and many more.
Glutathione is indicated in those with heart, liver, and lung disease. Other health issues include anemia, cystic fibrosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cataracts, glaucoma, aging, alcoholism, hepatitis, memory loss, AIDS, chronic fatigue syndrome, osteoarthritis, and infertility in men.
Glutathione is seen as possibly safe for most adults. When taken as an inhalant, glutathione may cause difficulty breathing.
Dosage depends on patient-specific conditions, but are typically as follows:
- – Intravenously for Chemotherapy Adjunct: 1.5 g/m2 intravenously before chemotherapy; 600mg/day intramuscularly on days 2-5 of chemotherapy
- – Male Infertility: 600mg intramuscularly every other day for 2 months
- – Orally: 250mg once daily; dose range 50-600 mg/day
- – Inhaled: 600mg via nebulizer twice daily
Glutathione is contraindicated in those with asthma, due to the possibility of increasing its symptoms. There is not enough information on taking this medication in women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, therefore use is not advised.
Glutathione may interact with some medications. It is always important to list any medications, supplements, or herbal products you may be taking for your doctor.